Effective teachers are those that know the impact they are having on their students.

BehaviourAnalysisTextBook

My new best friend

When the students arrive at school they are randomly assigned to one of two classes – class A and class B. The students in class A and the students in class B are the same year level and in socio-economic terms, from the same catchment. The students in class A and B have equal access to school resources and funding. Both classes have a selection of children who have ‘behavioural issues’ and are disengaged with their learning. At the beginning of the year all the students are assessed. They are assessed again in the middle of the year and at the end of the year. These assessments reveal that, by the end of the year, the students in class A have made significantly greater improvement in their learning than the students in class B. The conclusion can be drawn, being that the teacher is the only variable, that students in class A have been the benefactors of more effective teaching inputs. ie. their teacher is more effective.

The next step of course is to find out what the teacher in class A is doing, bottle it and share it. Problem solved! Every child ends up getting a great education. As if it was that simple, eh. In an ideal world…

In an ideal world every teacher would be open to changing their practice, based on the best data and evidence available to them. Only then will there be any hope of solving the problems that face education. All the problems that teachers like to use as an excuse for the failure of their students are external and beyond a teacher’s control. That is not to suggest that campaigning to address society’s inequities is not a worthy goal. But the reality is that teachers adjusting their practice and beliefs is the only thing they can do to make a difference to their students’ achievements. In the words of John Hattie, “know thy impact”.

The measure of a good day in the classroom needs to be more than the absence of a bad day. Measure, reflect, repeat!

Ease Education: Teaching at a human scale.

You can also find Ease Education on Facebook and Twitter.

Why?

EqualityEquity

Removing barriers – systemic change that would benefit education.

Why do I teach in the way I do?

I feel strongly about many things. Things like, the need to protect the environment, and to mitigate against climate change. To improve economic equity and social justice. But these are big issues. And I recognise that my ability to have a constructive influence over these things is very limited.

I also feel strongly about the need to improve education outcomes for all students. As a teacher, I recognise that my ability to have a constructive influence on the students I am responsible for, is very real and immediate. Neither do I make any apologies for viewing education in the same way as other major world problems. As I have described before, failure costs a lot. This is no time for timidness.

Why do I teach in the way I do?

18 years ago, 10 years ago, 5 years ago even, I didn’t know what I didn’t know. I had no real idea of what I was trying to achieve. I simply modeled my teaching on what I was told was best practice. I just gradually became better at (what hindsight has allowed me to see more clearly) implementing a process. I was unaware of the impact I was having. But things have changed. I became curious. After 18 years of toil, I am better at understanding the impact I am having. I have come to appreciate that there is a science to teaching. That is, teaching effectiveness can be measured. Teaching is still a complex business, but knowing that success can be measured with the use of evidence, it means we now have very useful guidelines on the best way to proceed. At least, we should have.

Why do I teach in the way I do?

It’s quite simple really. I want to help ALL students be academically, socially and creatively competent. All my actions are predicated on that goal. If it works, I do it. If it doesn’t, I drop it. It’s about identifying and eliminating the barriers to achieving that goal, as much as it is about me teaching to a particular programme or delivering a specific lesson. Increasingly,  I am seeing signs that many of the barriers that teachers face are self-imposed barriers. Deficit mindsets reflect that we are witnessing a people problem as opposed to an education problem. After all, Hattie tells us that “the biggest effects on student learning occur when teachers become learners of their own teaching, and when students become their own teachers”. Evidence/research based teaching practice is about reflecting on, and changing your teaching practice, as a result of applying research and reflecting on the results that it produces.

To get to this point I have had to get used to feeling uncomfortable. A nagging sense of doubt has always been present. Doubt about the way I was teaching. And a willingness to tolerate being the odd one out. Engaging in evidence based teaching has resulted in that sense of doubt shrinking immensely. Although sadly, being the odd one out has not. But regardless of the growing certainty that I feel, I still encourage myself to maintain a slither of doubt.

Unfortunately, that sense of doubt that I describe, is not something that you will find in abundance in a typical education environment (or within any organisation for that matter). I suspect that is because typically, the traditional form of leadership is premised on characteristics of strength and expertise. Doubt conveys weakness and indecisiveness. Compliance and agreement is rewarded. Also, leadership in this traditional form seems to be focused on managing and containing, rather leading change and expanding. For change and expansion to take place there needs to be a willingness to engage in genuinely collaborative conversations  that look beyond the currently accepted best practice and be prepared to steer a path through uncharted territory of doubt. The right to question needs to be enshrined within the organisation.

This of course highlights the merits of research/evidence based teaching practice. The quality of the questions will be revealed in the evidence. The questions will simply answer themselves. Isn’t that the premise of Hattie’s Visible Learning research?

The power of one word….why?

Ease Education: Teaching at a human scale.

You can also find Ease Education on Facebook and Twitter.